This week’s post is on urban-rural transfers in The Gambia. The data used in this post is from the 2016 Integrated Household Survey (IHS) collected by The Gambia Bureau of Statistics (GBoS). The post concentrates on only transfers within The Gambia excluding transfers from abroad and transfers within the same village or town. The transfer is said to be received if a household has received or collected money or goods from any absent household member within The Gambia in the last 12 months. This post provides analysis on:
- Average transfers value in 12 months by LGA.
- Average amount received from urban transfers by district using a heat map and.
- Proportion of households who receive transfers by wealth quintile.
Table 1: Average local transfers by LGA
|LGA||% of HHs that receive transfers annually||Average Amount received/ annum (D)|
Table 1 shows the percentage of households that receive transfers (in country) across LGA and the average amount received by these households, annually. We can learn from the table that Mansakonko (75.1%) recorded the highest percentage of households that receive transfers as compared to the other LGAs. Even though Mansakonko recorded the highest percentage of households that receive transfers, households in Kanifing (D21,786.98) and Banjul (D21,618.93) received the highest amounts of transfers annually. The table indicates that Kerewan (47.2%) recorded the lowest percentage of households that receive transfers. Despite Kerewan recording the lowest percent of households with transfers, households in Kerewan (D9,052.52) receive transfers on annual basis more that households in Kuntaur (D6,882.86), Janjanbureh (D5,836.44), Mansakonko (D6,544.53) and Basse (D7,025.60).
Figure 1: Average amount received from urban transfers by district
Note: The darker the color the higher the amount received from transfers and the lighter the color the lower the transfer received.
As analyzed on our previous posts on heat maps, darker colors indicate higher amount of transfers receive by households in these districts and lighter colors indicate lower average amount receive by households. The heat map shows the average amount of transfers received by households across districts. The figure indicates that households in Kombo North, KMC, Banjul, Kombo South and Kombo East receive higher annual transfers as compared to households in the other districts. Whilst, Niamina Dankunko, Kantora, Niamina East, Lower Saloum and Jarra Central are the five lowest districts with households receiving the lowest amount of transfers as compared to other districts.
Table 2: Proportion who receives a transfer by wealth quintile
|Wealth Quintile||% of HHs that receive transfers||Amount received/ annum (D)|
Table 2 shows the proportion of households that receive transfers and the amount receive per annum by wealth quintile. The table indicates that 76% of households that are categorized as poorest households receive transfers, which is the highest as compared to households found in the other wealth quintiles. Even though the lowest percentage of households that receive transfers are found in the average wealth quintile (56%), they record the highest amount (D10,460.52) received per annum as compared to households found in the other wealth quintiles. Despite the fact that, the poorest wealth quintile recorded the highest percent (76%) of households with transfers they record the lowest amount (D6,085.69) received per annum.