Still on the 2016 Integrated Household Survey (IHS). This week’s post provides analysis on distance to nearest school by district for each educational level (Primary, Junior and Secondary). The post also provides analysis on the distance to the nearest school by Father’s level of education. That is looking at the effect of father’s education on the distance covered by the child to school. Finally, distance to the nearest school by household wealth quintile. The second and third analysis concentrates on Banjul, Kanifing and Kombo North districts only.

Figure 1: Distance to the nearest Primary school by district.

Note: Darker colors indicate longer distance

Figure 1 shows the average distance covered by Primary school students in reaching their schools across districts. We learn from Figure 1 that, Primary school students in Jokadu, Kombo South, Kiang West, Lower Saloum and Banjul cover longer distances to get to their schools as compared to Primary school students found in other districts. Students in Foni Bondali, Niamina Dankunku, Janjanbureh, Niamina East and Sandu cover the shortest distance to get to their schools as compared to other primary school students in other districts. We learned from the analysis that Banjul is amount the top five with longest distance to Primary school. We believe this is the case given that in Banjul almost all Primary schools are found in the South whilst people reside in the North.

Figure 2: Distance to the nearest Junior Secondary School by district

Note: Darker colors indicates longer distance

Figure 2 shows the distance to the nearest Junior school across districts. As explained in the previous paragraph, darker colors indicate longer distance whilst lighter colors indicate shorter distance. Data shows that students in Fuladu East, Upper Saloum, Foni Jarrol, Banjul and Kombo North cover longer distance to get to their Junior schools as compared to Junior school students in other districts. We also learned from the graph that Jarra East, Sandu, Janjanbureh, Sami and Kantora recorded the shortest distance to the nearest Junior school.

Figure 3: Distance to the nearest Senior Secondary School by district.

Note: Darker colors indicates longer distance

Figure 3 shows that Senior school students in the Niamina East, Kombo South and Foni Kansala districts cover longer distances to get to their Senior schools whilst Jarra East, Central Badibu, Fuladu West, Janjanbureh and Upper Niumi recorded the shortest distance to get to the nearest Senior school. Data shows that in all the three levels of schooling analyzed above, students in the Banjul district were part of those that cover the longest distance to the nearest school. Another reason for the long distance covered by students in Banjul might be due to the availability of few Senior schools. Whilst students in Janjanbureh walk the shortest distance to reach the nearest Primary, Junior or Secondary school. We believe this might be the case given that Janjanbureh is an Island and all facilities will be near the residents.

Figure 4: Distance to school by father’s level of education for only households in Banjul, Kanifing and Kombo North.

Figure 4 gives analyses on the distance it takes for a student to reach his or her school given the father’s level of education for Banjul, Kanifing and Kombo North districts. The graph shows that on average students with fathers who attained Tertiary degree cover longer distances. Data shows that 75% percent of students with fathers of Tertiary degree cover up to 4 kilometers to reach the nearest school. Despite the father’s level of education; 25% of students travel less than 1 kilometer to reach the nearest school. It is indicated in the graph that, 75% of students whose fathers have no education or primary education travel up to 2 kilometers to get to the nearest school. In summary the graph indicates that students with fathers of higher level of education travel longer distances.

We believe that parents with higher degrees receive higher salary thus putting them in a better position to enroll their children in private school. Given the availability of few private schools and the location of these schools are far from residents, students will usually travel a longer distance to get there. Another explanation might be that, fathers with higher degrees know the importance of quality education, this might push them to enroll their children in schools they believe that they will receive quality education despite the distance.

Figure 5: Distance to school by household wealth quintile for only households in Banjul, Kanifing and Kombo North.

Let us now shift our attention into analyzing the distance to the nearest school by household wealth quintile for Banjul, Kanifing and Kombo North only. On average, Figure 6 shows that students in the poor and richest households cover up to 1 kilometer to get to the nearest school whilst students found in the poorest, middle and rich households cover less than a kilometer. Figure 6 indicates that 75% of students found in households in the rich and richest wealth quintiles cover the longest distance to school which is more than 2 kilometers. The above 25% of students found in households in the poor wealth quintile cover 2 kilometers to the nearest school. Rich households can afford to take their children to far schools given the fare and additional money they need to give them. Students going to distant school means additional expenses to the households and poor households cannot afford to add that on their already tight budget thus forcing them to enroll their children in nearby schools. Let us know if you have any comment.

What must have been the main contributor to the longer distance covered by students in other regions of the country other than the greater Banjul are? Could it be due to the fewer availability of nearby school? I am not sure if a significant portion the students covering longer distance in these regions will report a higher level of parents education and family income, given that most of the families in these regions are poor and have a very low level of parents education if at all. For those students that are covering shorter distance in these regions what must have explained that too?

Would it also be necessary to include in your analysis, the geographic location of those highly educated parents and rich families in your survey? Because I do want to suspect that, in addition to the fewer availability of senior school, Most of these highly educated parents and rich families are concentrated in the greater Banjul area thereby contributing the longer distance covered by students in these region given their parents level of education and high. family income.

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